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History of Glory

The history of the development of the WPK is also that of creating a new era with independence as its lifeblood.

Founded under the banner of independence, it has turned adversity into prosperity and misfortune into blessing by dint of it, thus adorning the history of the 20th century with the triumph of independence. Etched in this brilliant history is a proud course it traversed after the war: it overcame difficulties as severe as those in a war with great, courageous determination and stratagems and constantly maintained the principle of independence in carrying out the socialist revolution and construction.

The basic line of economic construction of giving priority to the development of heavy industry and simultaneously developing light industry and agriculture advanced at the Sixth Plenary Meeting of its Central Committee held in August Juche 42 (1953), the theses published in April Juche 44 (1955) and other lines of independent character put forward by it brought about miraculous successes of carrying out the socialist revolution on the debris of war from which others said Korea would not be able to rise in a hundred years and realizing socialist industrialization in 14 years and demonstrated to the world the truthfulness of the Juche idea that the revolution in a country should be waged by its own people in keeping with its actual situation.

Thanks to the WPK’s correct lines and sagacious leadership suited to the specific conditions of the Korean revolution, socialist cooperativization in the rural areas and socialist transformation of private trade and industry were accomplished in a smooth and thoroughgoing way in four to five years after the war. In this way, a socialist system was established in the DPRK.

Kim Il Sung’s speech at the First Conference of the Ideological Workers of the WPK in December 1955 on approaching everything from the point of interests of the Korean revolution and subordinating the Party’s ideological work to it by all means, marked a radical turn in eliminating the deep-rooted worship of big countries and dogmatism and establishing a Juche orientation in all spheres of the revolution and construction as well as in the ideological work, and the Third Congress of the WPK held in April 1956 put forward the task of intensifying socialist education in the method of influencing through positive examples and education in the revolutionary traditions while giving priority to class education.

The Plenary Meeting of the WPK Central Committee held in December Juche 45 (1956) that brought about a great revolutionary upsurge in socialist construction, gave birth to the Chollima spirit, the movement of grand Chollima march, that required taking one hundred steps when others were taking ten and running one hundred km when others were running ten; this movement later developed into the Chollima Workteam Movement.

Having shed a scientific light on the Juche-based theory of Party work with work with man as the main thing, Kim Il Sung gave on-site guidance at Chongsan-ri and Kangso County in February Juche 49 (1960), where he created the Chongsanri spirit and Chongsanri method that are etched in the history of the WPK.

To bring about a new phase of national reunification, the WPK, at its Third Congress and on several other occasions, presented a series of proposals for independent and peaceful reunification. It also paid close attention to the development of the movement of overseas Koreans, particularly that of Koreans in Japan, ensuring the formation of the General Association of Korean Residents in Japan, a Juche-type overseas compatriots organization, and repatriation of Koreans in Japan to their socialist homeland.

The Fourth Congress of the WPK held in September Juche 50 (1961), a historic period when the unity and cohesion of the entire Party around Kim Il Sung had been achieved along with the fulfillment of laying the foundations of socialism, put forward the grand programme of completing socialist industrialization, accelerating the independent and peaceful reunification of the country and promoting all-around socialist construction.

To cope with the acute international political situation created by the Cuban Missile Crisis caused by the US imperialists and the ceaseless war games staged by the enemy, the WPK adopted a resolution on carrying on economic construction in parallel with defence building at the Fifth Plenary Meeting of its Fourth Central Committee in December 1962, and enlisted the entire army and all the people in the effort to implement the self-defensive military line, whose content was to develop the Korean People’s Army into an army of cadres and modernize it, to arm all the people and fortify the whole country. Meanwhile, at its Second Conference it clarified afresh its independent policy of external activities aimed at promoting solidarity with the international revolutionary forces and anti-imperialist, anti-US struggle, and made active efforts to further exalt its international prestige and authority.

In the latter half of the 1960s when it greeted a new heyday of its development, it convened the 15th Plenary Meeting of its Fourth Central Committee in May 1967, to make a turning point in establishing the monolithic ideological system throughout the Party and strengthening the unity and cohesion of the entire Party, the whole army and all the people in ideology and purpose based on the Juche idea.

Through the great revolutionary practice, the WPK proved that independence is the justice of history, victory of the revolution and basis for the development of fair international relations, thus ensuring the victorious advance of the Korean revolution and ushering in a new era of achieving global independence.

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